Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use light to transform carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are the primary source of fuel for metabolic functions in plants. Sweeteners provide plants with a supplemental source of carbohydrates. This is especially valuable when plants grow with the reduced daily integral associated with flowering. Beyond this, sweeteners provide a ready source of food for the assorted beneficial biology that populates the rhizosphere. Optimized microbial populations are associated with greater uptake of nutrients, increased disease resistance, and improved production of aromatic compounds.